And families, of course, were left to mourn. All but a handful of the 58 people killed in the shooting have now been identified. Here are the stories of those who were lost.
• President Trump, arriving in hurricane-ravaged Puerto Rico, said officials should be proud that relatively few people died in the storm, unlike the thousands in “a real catastrophe like Katrina.” That hurricane claimed 1,833 lives. In Puerto Rico, the death toll has risen to 34.
Aid is reaching the island, but distributing it remains a major challenge. About 95 percent of Puerto Rico remains without power, and about 60 percent of households lack cellphone service. More than half still don’t have running water.
In the latest “The Daily” podcast, we discuss Las Vegas and Puerto Rico.
• In a first in Syria’s six-year civil war, a court convicted a member of the country’s military of a war crime. But the trial in Sweden did not address the war’s worst horrors: The perpetrator was a low-level soldier; his crime was violating the dignity of a corpse.
In neighboring Iraq, Kurds who voted to secede and the central government seem willing to de-escalate tensions, as neither side appears determined to force a crisis. Above, a square in downtown Erbil, the Kurdish regional capital.
And the country mourned the death of Jalal Talabani, the pragmatic Kurdish leader who for nearly a decade served as Iraq’s president. He died in Berlin at 83.
• In Britain, Prime Minister Theresa May is set to address her Conservative Party’s annual conference after a day of speeches from ministers widely seen as contending to replace her.
Standing out among them was Boris Johnson, the foreign secretary, who tried to put a patriotic spin on Brexit.
But he also faced criticism for suggesting that the Libyan city of Surt only had to “clear the dead bodies away” to become “the next Dubai.”
• European Union officials will order Luxembourg to collect back taxes from the online retail giant Amazon, a person with knowledge of the decision told our correspondent.
• In France, President Emmanuel Macron returned to a Whirlpool factory that was the scene of a pivotal moment in his presidential campaign, seeking blue-collar support for his labor law overhaul.
• Uber’s board of directors voted for governance changes. In London, the company and regulators cautiously described talks on the renewal of its ride-hailing license as “constructive.”
• A 2013 hacking attack affected all three billion Yahoo accounts, triple what the company reported before it was bought by Verizon.
• Google is expected to release new smartphones today, along with other gadgets.
• Here’s a snapshot of global markets.
In the News
• A former actress from Germany, Renate Langer, above, has come forward to the Swiss police to accuse the film director Roman Polanski of raping her in 1972, when she was 15. [The New York Times]
• In Egypt, at least 34 people have been arrested as part of an expanding crackdown on gay and transgender people. [The New York Times]
• The lower house of the French Parliament approved a sweeping new counterterrorism law, which critics fear could institutionalize the priority of tight security over civil liberties and worsen racial profiling. [The New York Times]
• Germany’s new law on online speech will test the line between hate speech and freedom of expression. [Politico]
• The U.S. expelled 15 Cuban diplomats from Washington, in an escalating response to a mysterious series of illnesses among Americans associated with the embassy in Havana. [The New York Times]
• The U.S. Supreme Court heard arguments on limiting the gerrymandering of voting districts in a case that could reshape American democracy. Here’s the simple math behind the practice. [The New York Times]
• Researchers are worrying that many humpback and right whales are dying as the seas grow rapidly warmer. [The New York Times]
Tips, both new and old, for a more fulfilling life.
• Recent disasters remind us to prepare our homes for the worst.
• Environmentally friendly travel doesn’t have to break your budget.
• Recipe of the day: Make chicken shawarma in the oven.
• Three scientists won the Nobel Prize in Physics for discovering ripples in space-time known as gravitational waves, which were predicted by Albert Einstein a century ago. Next up today, the prize in chemistry.
• A chance encounter let scientists confirm the existence of a legendary rodent species in the Solomon Islands that cracks coconuts open with its teeth.
• Dan Brown’s latest novel is liable to stir up as much controversy as “The Da Vinci Code” did, writes our critic.
• Liguria, on Italy’s coast, is a place of “unvarnished beauty,” our correspondent found.
Sixty years ago, we entered the space age when the Soviet Union launched the first artificial satellite.
Weighing almost 200 pounds, the Sputnik spacecraft, above, was “one of the world’s greatest propaganda — as well as scientific — feats,” The Times wrote.
It orbited Earth for three months, sending out a series of beeps that were audible to amateur radio operators. (Here’s what that sounded like.)
“Earthbound man, peering into the sky for a glimpse of the man-made moon, pondered its impact on his affairs,” The Times wrote in 1957.
Soviet propagandists said the breakthrough proved that their communist social model was superior to the capitalism of the West. They also said that it had opened the way to interplanetary travel.
Without question, it captured the attention of the U.S. and its leaders. “No event since Pearl Harbor set off such repercussions in public life,” one historian wrote.
Sputnik burned up in Earth’s atmosphere in January 1958, but test models and replicas continued to circulate. One American collector said he got an original spare Sputnik out of Russia by declaring its two halves as salad bowls.
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